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Horn of Africa Spoiler

Eritrea is often characterized in media and academic literature as a “spoiler”, particularly in the Horn of Africa region. It is in part, based on this characterization, that Eritrea has earned the title “the North Korea of Africa”. How accurate is this characterization? Is Eritrea truly the regional spoiler in the Horn of Africa?

A History of the Flag of Eritrea

Flags represent individual nations (or in multi-ethnic societies “super-nations” that represent the joint identities of more than one nationality) and, as all symbols are, often subject to careful analysis. Eritrea’s flag, to the casual observer, is bursting with the vibrant colors common of many African flags; to one having more than a passing familiarity with Eritrea’s history, the flag is clearly representative of shared national identity and history of the land called Eritrea.

Genesis of Occupation

This month is the anniversary of the of the 2002 decision by the Eritrea – Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC). The EEBC ruled on April 13, 20021 delimiting the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The Commission’s authority to rule on the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia was based on the mutual agreement of Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Algiers Agreement of 2000.


  1. http://www.pca-cpa.org/showfile.asp?fil_id=1968